The pomegranate has been regarded as a food medicine of great importance. All parts of the tree, the roots , the reddish brown bark, leaves, flowers , rind and seeds, have featured in medicine for thousands of years. The medical authorities of ancient India have dwscribed it as a light food and a tonic for the heart. The ancient medical writers of Arabia regarded it as a fruit which is good for the inflammation of the stomach and pain of the heart. The sweet varieties of the fruit are considered a good laxative., while those which are intermediate between sweet ans sour are regarded as valuable in the stomach inflammations and heart pain.
The juice from the fresh fruit is an excellent cooling beverage for alleviating thirst in cases of fevers and sickness. It acts on the liver.heart and kidneys and tones up their functions. It supplies the required minerals and helps the liver to preserve vitamin A from the food. It increases the body’s resistance against infections, particularly tuberculosis.
Pomegranate juice is of great value in digestive disorders. It is an apetiser, a digestive food item and is useful for patients suffering from colitis and mucous. It binds the stools and tones up the intestines. A tablespoonful of the juice mixed with equal quantity of honey can be given with beneficial results in biliuous vomiting.i.e. bile containing fluid and nausea, burning in the chest due to excessive secretion of bile, flatulent colic and morning sickness.
Diarrhoea and Dysentery
The bark, both of the root and the stems of pomegranate tree, is well known for its anthelmintic properties of destroying parasitic worms. The root-bark is, however, preferred as it contains greater quantity of the alkaloid punicine than the stem-bark. This alkaloid is highly toxic to tapeworms. 90 to 180 ml. of the cold decoction of the bark, preferably fresh bark, should be given three times at an intervals of one hour to an adult. A purgative should be given after the last dose. The dose for children is 30 to 60 ml. The decoction is also used for expelling tapeworms.
The juice of the fruit with the addition of a little saffron is useful in fevers to allay thirst. A shebet of the ripe fruit is beneficial in the treatment of typhus, gastric and asthmatic fevers. The root bark is also given as a febrifuge in-ie in prevent fevers.
The skin of the pomegranate fruit is considered highly beneficial in the treatment of anal itching. The nasty discomfort may result from unhygienic habits or from worm infection. The skin of the fruit should be roasted till it is brittle and black. It is then powdered. The powder is mixed with a little vegetable oil and applied over the anus.
Kidney and Bladder stones
The seeds of sour and sweet pomegranate are useful as a medicine. A tablespoonful of seeds, ground into a fine paste can be given along with a cupful of horse gram soup to dissolve gavel in kidneys and bladder.
Teeth and Gum disorder
Powder of the dry rind mixed with pepper and common salt is applied as a very good dentifrice-i.e. tooth paste or powder. Its regular application strengthens the gum, stops bleeding, prevents pyorrhoea, cleans the teeth and preserve them for a long time.
The pomegranate is uses as a table-fruit. Its juice is regarded as a delicacy and is made into excellent shebet and druk with the addition of water and sugar. It is also used in preparing syrups, ice-creams, jellies and marmalades. The pomegranate has a very good keeping quality. It can kept well for about six months in cold storage. Its thick rind protects its succulent seeds from much rough handling.
The fruit should be eaten immediately after they are cut open as the seeds lose their