Elevated serum cholesterol.
Positive family history of premature coronary artery disease in a first-degree relative(parent or sibling)
Hypertension(high blood pressure)
The presence of definite cerebral vascular and/or peripheral vascular disease.
The other less risk factors
Lack of exercise.
Type A personality traits.( Tense,time-conscious,over-achieving,workaholic types who have extreme difficulty relaxing and seem to thrive on stress are type A persons.
All of the risk factors are under our control.Under the supervision of competent cardiologist,you can follow a program that will mitigate all of those problems.
There are,however,several risk factors that are beyond our control.For example,women are more prone to heart attacks after menopause.During the menstrual phase of life,women generally indicate higher levels of HDL cholesterol(another reason HDL choleserol is some times associated with decreased risk of heart attack and very low rates of premature coronary heart disease.As they grow older,they become more prone to heart attacks and strokes.
Perhaps the most unalterable risk factor for heat disease is heredity.
To avoid this risk factors you have to follow proper diet and exercise.All in all,you are healthier if you follow a low fat,high-fiber diet and get adequate exercise.