An in-depth on osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis happens to be a kind of arthritis in which there are loss and breakdown of cartilage in one or more of the joints. Cartilage is essentially a protein substance that functions as a cushion amidst the bones. There are different kinds of arthritic conditions. Osteoarthritis is known to be the most common among them. The chances of this form of arthritis become higher with age. In the male, this form of arthritis can occur before they attain the age of 45. However, in females, the form of arthritis occurs after the age of 55 more frequently. In the country of United States, all people are affected almost equally. This form of arthritis is more common in Japanese people. On the other hand, Osteoarthritis can be seen at a reduced rate in Southern Chinese, East Indians, and South-African black people. Osteoarthritis or OA is also known as degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis.
Osteoarthritis affects the spine, hands, feet mostly. They also affect knees, hips and other large weight bearing joints. If the cause of this form of arthritis is not unknown, it came to be known as Primary Osteoarthritis. On the other hand, if the reasons of Osteoarthritis are known, the condition is popularly known as secondary Osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis contributes to being a joint inflammation that results owing to degeneration of cartilage. The A patient suffering from this diseases will have swelling, pain and reduced motion in the joint. Injury at a particular point, age, and obesity enhance the risk of this disease. A single test is not a prerequisite for diagnosing osteoarthritis. Doctors prefer using several methods such as laboratory tests, x-rays, physical tests, medical history for diagnosing the disease. If QA worse with time, there may be broken down of bones and development of growths. Parts of cartilages or bones may come off around the joint. Inflammation continues around the body and enzymes, and cytokines cause further damage of the cartilages.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
Pain occurring in the affected joints are recognized to be one of the most common symptoms of OA. In night time, the pain in the joint becomes worse. There may be creaking, warmth, swelling in the affected areas. There may be stiffness and pain in the joints that occur after prolonged inactivity. In severe kind of osteoarthritis. There is a total loss of cartilages which result in friction between the bones. This causes pain with limited motion or rest.
Symptoms of OA differs from one patient to the other. On the other hand, there are few symptoms, although there is remarkable degeneration of joints as per the X-ray reports. However, in few patients suffering from osteoarthritis, there is little or no pain in years.
Constant pain in low back or neck counts to be a symptom of Osteoarthritis of the spine. Bone spurs that are formed along the arthritic spine can cause irritation in spinal nerves, numbness, severe pain, tingling sensation in several parts of the body. OA results in forming hard bony enlargements in small finger joints. Another node is formed in the middle joint of a finger in the osteoarthritic patient which come to be known as Bouchard’s node.
It is recommended to visit a doctor if you notice the following symptoms:
The stiffness and pain enhance at a faster rate after an injury.
The pain is followed by severe fever.
The pain is developed at a faster rate and comes with external tenderness and redness in the joint.
There may be stiffness or pain in back, legs, arms after sleeping or sitting for a short interval of time.
Causes of Osteoarthritis
Though wear and tear of joints were known to be the primary cause of osteoarthritis, over the time, OA is considered to be a disease of the joint. Here are some of the factors that are known to be the primary cause of osteoarthritis:
Different gene is known to be the primary cause for the development of osteoarthritis. A defect in the production of collagen, a protein that forms the cartilage is responsible for OA. This is a rare defect owing to which osteoarthritis may occur at an early age of 20. There are other hereditary traits that may be the cause of abnormalities in the way of fitting bones altogether owing to which the wearing of cartilages occur at a faster rate that usual. A gene named FAAH helps in enhancing the sensitivity of pain. It is seen at an increased rate in people having knee osteoarthritis than people who are not suffering from the disease.
Obesity puts extra pressure on knees and hips. Carrying additional weight for a wide number of years can result in the breaking down of cushion joints in the cartilage at a faster rate. Statistics reveal that there is a co-relation between the enhanced chances of OA in hands and obesity. By the studies, additional fat in the tissue forms cytokines, the inflammatory chemicals which are responsible for damaging the joints.
Injuries in the joints such as tears in ligaments, surgery, the fracture can be responsible for osteoarthritis. In some sportsmen, ligaments, tendons, joints are repeatedly damaged which may boost the breaking down of cartilage. There are certain jobs in which it is required to stand for a long time, heavy lifting, repeatedly bending which result in fast wearing of the cartilage. Weakness or imbalance in muscles that support joint may also lead to breaking down of the cartilages in the joints.
Home remedies for osteoarthritis
Here is a list of top ten remedies that helps you in dealing with osteoarthritis
Exercise assists in strengthening the muscles present around the joints and enhance the endurance. This is beneficial for the improvement of mobility. It is also useful in losing weight. You can go for walking, swimming, biking for at least thirty minutes on a daily basis. You should, however, avoid sports that are high impacting and raise the chances of injury.
Cold and hot compresses
Cold and hot compresses are helpful in the management of joint pain, caused owing to osteoarthritis. A cold compress is crucial in reducing inflammation and swelling. A hot compress, on the other hand, plays an indispensable role in the reduction of stiffness and pain.
You should massage the affected parts of the body on a regular basis. This is indispensable in reducing the intensity of inflammation, swelling and pain that occurs owing to osteoarthritis. Massage should be accomplished for the improvement of blood circulation. It confers relief to the inflamed muscles. You can massage the affected areas with mustard oil and camphor.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar is counted to be one of the most excellent home remedies for osteoarthritis. The alkaline and anti-inflammatory properties are crucial in the reduction of stiffness and pain in the joints. It is helpful in removing the toxic materials accumulated in the joints. You can drink unfiltered and raw apple cider vinegar with honey and warm water daily.
Epsom Salt is one of the most effective remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis. It is considered to be one of the rich sources of magnesium that is helpful in the reduction of inflammation, swelling and pain. You can add Epsom salt in warm water and bath in the same. Repeating the same for several weeks helps in getting relief from inflammation and pain.
Ginger is another effective home remedy for dealing with osteoarthritis. Extracts of pure ginger are beneficial for the reduction of pain in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis. Ginger is considered to be a rich source of antioxidants which is useful in the reduction of inflammation, swelling and pain. Ginger is also responsible for the blockage of COX-2, a chemical responsible for causing pain.
Turmeric contains curcumin, a compound that has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is highly effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis. It also plays a vital role in slowing down the progression of the condition.
The anti-inflammatory properties and presence of antioxidants present in Fenugreek seeds help in the management of swelling and pain that is caused by osteoarthritis. The essential vitamins and minerals present in the seeds are a prerequisite for healthy tissues and bones.
Green Tea is crucial in controlling and preventing osteoarthritis. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties help in the reduction of swelling. It is also beneficial in maintaining the strength of bones and preserving density of bones.
Cinnamon is also helpful in fighting swelling and joint pain; It is indispensable in relaxing stiff muscles.
Yoga asanas and Pranayama for osteoarthritis
Following yoga positions are beneficial for patients suffering from osteoarthritis:
This yoga pose helps to loosen the muscles. This pose is considered to be effective in reducing knee pain.
Virasana is recognized to be one of the most effective yoga poses for reducing osteoarthritis pain in knees.
Vrikshasana helps in strengthening the back. If you are suffering from low back pain, this pose helps to reduce pain caused owing to osteoarthritis.
Setubandha Sarvang Asana
Setubandha Sarvang Asana is beneficial for people suffering from OA.
Osteoarthritis is recognized to be one of the most common types of arthritis. Home remedies and yoga on a regular basis helps in dealing with the same.