In Pratyahara, the mind is totally made silent or thoughtless detaching from all subjects and objects and prepared for the next stage of Dharna, in which the mind is concentrated on various energy centres and from that the aspirant enters the final stage of Dhyan or meditation.
The main objective of Pratyahara is to train the mind to be thoughtlessness. The mind must stay away from different feelings, emotions and thoughts. The body must be without action and the mind must be at peace and free of thought. This state of mind and body is called Pratyahara.
How can one keep the mind without thinking of a state?
There was no correct answer to this question. After practising and analyzing several existing methods, techniques and procedures, a systematic method has been successfully developed. The same procedure is followed here.
Consider the following phenomenon. If the electricity suddenly falls at night, it is dark everywhere. There’s nothing to see. And when the power is restored, the darkness disappears immediately. The example clearly shows that there was brightness before the darkness and also after the darkness of the room. Similarly, there is a small space-time between a thought and the next thought.
This very small period between the two thoughts, which can only last a second, corresponds to the unreflective mental state. Thoughts. The space-time between the thoughts is the Pratyahara time. This requires great commitment and full attention.
How to do Pratyahara
The body is held comfortably while sitting or lying down. The mind observes the thoughts it contains for a time as mere testimony. Then the mind concentrates on breathing. As concentration concentrates on breathing, other thoughts gradually diminish.
After the thoughts have slowly focused on the breath, the respiratory consciousness must also be reduced and finally abandoned. This is the mental state thoughtlessness.
During practice, one or more thoughts may come to mind. The professional must be strict enough at this stage to expand the state of no thought between two thoughts. Even the idea of not thinking should not be in your head. It is neither a distraction, nor an unconscious state, nor a dream state. It is the absence of reflection, that is, a state of zero activity or total silence.
This is one of the most difficult states in yoga science. It can be achieved through regular practice every day. If something is to be written on the blackboard, the blackboard is cleaned first.so is the case of the mind. All the thoughts are to be removed from the mind. This is the silence or Pratyahara. In short, the mind is kept clean through the process of Pratyahara for better results in the next steps.