There are seven major risk factors for premature heart attacks that you need to be aware of;
1.Elevaed serum cholesterol.
2.A positive family history of premature coronary artery disease in a first-degree relative (parent or sibling).
3. Hypertension(high blood pressure).
4. Cigarette smoking.
5. Male sex.
7. The presence of dfinite cerebral vascular and/or peripheral vascular disease. (cerebral vascular disease is defined as the presence of a previous cerebral vascular accident or stroke and/or the documented occurrence of TIAs( transient ischemic attacks of clots or embolisms), the precursor or warning of an impending stroke, peripheral vascular disease refers to atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis that may involve the blood vessels of the upper and lower extremitties.)
Other less serious risk factors include:
8 Lack of exercise.
11.Type A personality traits( Tense, time-conscious, over chieving workaholic types who have extreme difficulty relaxing and seem to thrive on stress are Type A persons.)
All of the risk factors except for 2 and 5 fall under our control. Under the supervision of a competent cardiologist, you ca follow a program that will mitigate all of these problems.
There are, however, several risk factors that are beyond our control. For example, women are more prone to heart attacks after menopause. During the menstrual phase of life women generally indicate higher level of HDL cholesterol ( another reason HDL, cholesterol is sometimes associated with decreased risk for heart attack) and very low rates of premature coronary heart disease. As they grow older, they become more prone to heart attackes and strokes.
Recently there has been a good deal of discussion about the importance of estrogen and levels of high-density lipo proteins, although it is not known why estrogens confer reduced risk of heart disease in premenopausal women apprently the mentruating woman’s protection against CHD is not simply related to high levels of estrogen. When estrogen is administered to male patients to achieve the same blood levels of estrogen as their female counterparts, the amount of coronary protection does not necessarily transfer to those men.
Perhaps the most unalterable risk factor for heart disease is heredty.
The cholesterol-lowering program stratifies risk according to age, risk factors, and blood lipid levels. Diet and exercise are the cornerstones of the program. All in all, you are healthier if you follow a low-fat, high-fiber diet and get adequate exercise.